ApiraSol GIOM - Geographical Indication Online Monitoring
In the European Union (EU), Geographical Indications (GIs) for wine, spirits, agricultural products and
foodstuffs are protected as sui generis intellectual property rights that act as certification that
certain products possess particular qualities, characteristics or reputation essentially attributable
to their geographical origin and method of production.
According to a study conducted by EU IPO published in April 2016, the value of GI infringing products
in the EU was approximately €4.3 billion in 2014, accounting for about 9.0% of the EU GI
product market. Consumer loss, defined as the price premium unjustly paid by consumers in the
belief that they are buying a genuine GI product, is estimated at up to €2.3 billion, representing
approximately 4.8% of total GI product purchases.
As we can see in the table below, infringements of GIs vary considerably according to GI products:
||Fruits, Vegetables and Cereals
||Fresh Meat and Meat Products
Source: EU IPO
These estimates are constructed by EU IPO using data from 17 Member States, representing approximately 82%
of the EU GI product market. Approximately 100,000 products were checked for GI compliance in shops,
markets, vending machines, bars and restaurants, as well as food sold on trains, ships and other transportation,
and products sold on the Internet.